Lirnghing Hlau ve lo!!

– Dr. Laldinpuia
Gen. Secretary, GSM,
PUC: College Veng; 9862399478

Lirnghing tawk ve thei ram zingah zirbing miten min dah ang ngeiin, lirnghing nghawr hi kan tuar ve ta fo mai. Kan fel avang leh Pathian kan tih viau avanga lirpuiin min kal kahlen ang zawnga ngai kan awm mek laiin, kan sual tawh em avanga tawk ve anga ngai kan awm bawk. Hetia lir a’n nghin tak zeuh zeuhah chuan, mithiamte sawi leh DM&R lamin inzirtirna an pek thinten kan beng a fah tan a. Mahse, a reh rei deuh chuan hlau lo ang maiin kan ram neihna lai laiah lei kan lai a, awih pang pawh pawisa lovin in kan sa a, kan khawr pum nawk nawk si! Kan in leh lo dinhmun an hmuh hian, lirnghing tawk thei ram ni si ‘Lirnghing hlau ve lo’ min ti pawh ni se a mak lo ve! Kan hlauh ve deuh hleka kan inven theih nan lirnghing chungchang hi i han thual nawn leh teh ang.

Lirnghing tam ber hi chu leilung sakhat hlawm (plate) che atanga insiam a ni a. Leilung innawr tawnin a dawl loh chin, a chak lo laiah inpelhsawlh/khi chat (fault) a insiam a. Innek tawn reng, innawr tawn rengah leilung fan theihna in a tlin tawh loh tawpah hian, kum tam tak chhung thahrui lo inchhek khawl tawh kha vawi leh khatah a rawn chhuah ta thut thin a, hei hian lirnghing a rawn siam a. Lian tham taka thahrui a chhuah chuan leilung han insiam rem leh khan nghin nawn (aftershock) a siam leh a, lirpui aiin a nghawr na tawh lo. A chang chuan, lirpui thlen hmain thawn hmasa (foreshock) a awm thin a, hemi hnua lir lo nghing kha a na zawk thin. Lirnghing lian tham apiang hi a nghawr hun chhung a rei a, a nghawng pawh a na zel.

Lirnghing thlen theihna bawr leh a nghawng thei turte hi chu a hriat theih a, engtikah nge, engti anga nain nge a nghing ang tihte hi an chhut nasa hle. A thenah han sawi dik ve fuk mah se, a dik vek lo; lirnghing zirmi (Seismologist) te chuan lirnghin hun tur tak han sawi chut chutte hi an ching duh mang lo! Chuti anga nasain lo nghing ta se, tih lam hawi hi sorkar, khawtlang leh chhungkua, mimal kan lo inbuatsaih theih nan sawi a ni thin a. ‘An sawi ang taka na hian a nghing dawn’ a tih theih loh a, ‘a nghing dawn lo,’ tia han tan kawh viau pawh a theih chuang lo! A nihna takah chuan kan thiamna, zirna leh khawlin a hriat theih chin hi lirnghing hun tur hre tur hian a la tlem hle si a.

Zirbingna atanga hmuh chhuah dan chuan India ram hlawm (Indian plate) hian kum khata mm 58± 4—a chakin a thenawm ram hlawm (Eurasian plate) hi kan nek a, Himalayan tlangdung bawrah ringawt hian kum khata mm 17.52± 2 –a nawr chho ang a ni a, hemi awmzia chu kum tin cm 2 zelin Nepal ram hi nawr tawm zel a ni. Kum 100 a lo tlin hian Eurasian plate hi hmar zawngin cm 200 zeta nawr ang a ni a. Heti ang innek tawn atanga thahrui lo inchhek khawl hi lirnghing hmangin a lo inpaih thawl tawh thin a. Chung zinga India hmarchhak/Himalaya tlang hnaih ram nghawng na zualte chu – Shillong lirnghing (M 8.2, June 12, 1897) – mi tam zawkte pawn lama an awm lai tlai dar 5:15 vela nghing mi 1,542 thihna, sq. mile 30,000 bawra in zawng zawng chhe vek khawpa lirnghing nasa, India rama lirnghing chhinchhiah hmasak ber te; Kangra (H.P) lirnghing (M 8.0, April 4, 1905) te, Shrimangal (Assam) lirnghing (M 7.6, July 8, 1918) te, Dhubri (Assam) lirnghing (M 7.1, July 2, 1930) te, Nepal-Bihar lirnghing (M 8.3, Jan. 15, 1934), Assam lirnghing (M 7.2, Oct. 23, 1943) te, Arunachal Pradesh-China inrina bawra lirnghing (M 8.5, Aug. 15, 1950) mi 1,520 thihna, mi 400 vel an thihna Manipur-Myanmar inrina bawra lirnghing (M 6.6, Aug. 6, 1988), mi 9000 dawn an thihna Nepal lirnghing (M 7.8, Apr. 25, 2015), mi 11 an thihna Imphal (Manipur) khawpuichhak lirnghing (M 6.7, Jan. 4, 2016) leh Molaik lirnghing (M 6.9, Apr. 13, 2016) te hi a ni.

Satellite thlalak atang pawha Mizoram chhunga chiang taka lei inpelhsawlh/ khi chat (fault) hmuh theih, lirnghing pawh han siam ve thei nia rin chu Mat fault(Mat lui dung) hi a ni a. Ding lam zawnga inpelhsawlh chi anga ngaih a ni;a inpelhsawlh thui zawng atanga chhutin, Dr. Lalliana Mualchin chuan MMS/Mw 7-1/4 thlenga na lirnghing siam thei turin a ngai. He lai hmun hi che reng tura rin a ni a; mahse kum 6 (2006- 2011) chhung kum tin hunbi neiin, dahna hmun bikah hun bi tuk chhunga GPS hmanga a chet chak dan endik thin a nih hnuah, khawlin a enfiah theih chin km 6 thlenga thukah chuan ngaihmawh thama nain lei hi a che lo nia report a ni (Tiwari et al., 2015). Heti lai lei inpelhsawlh hian lirnghing hriat tham a siam lo tihna ang deuh a ni a; mahse, Mizoram leh a chhehvel lirnghing tehna khawl hmanga thlithlai tawhtu, Dr. Saitluanga (PUC) chuan, khawl hmang chauha hriat theih chi (M 0 to 3) a chhinchhiah nual thung. Zirbingna thuchhuah hrang hrang atanga thlirin kan ram chhunga insiam lirnghing aiin kan chhehvel rama lirnghing thleng hi kan tuar tam ber leh kan la tuar zin tur pawh a nih hmel.

Chhinchhiah theih china Mizoramin lirnghing kan tawrh nat berte chu kumin January 4 tuk dar 4:30-a nghing M 6.7-a na te, April 13 zan dar 7:25-a nghing M 6.9-a na leh February 4, 2011 zan dar 7:25-a M 6.4-a naa nghing te kha a ni. Hengte hi ram pawna lirnghing insiam ni mah se, Mizoram pumin kan hria a, concrete tuizem put leh in leh hmun thenkhat khi tih loh chu thi leh hliam an awm hriat a ni lo thung. Pu Laltanpuia Zadeng (MIRSAC)-in a zir chianin Mizoram chhunga lirnghing thlenna epicenter atanga khaw hnai ber zelah hetiang hian kan tuar bawk:- Vathuampui-ah, Nov. 25, 1994 (M6.1), Lamherh (25.7.1949; M6.0), Phullen (8.2.1986; M5.5), chhim tawp, Burma ramriah (2.11.1989; M5.4), Vaphai (27.11.1989; M5.2), Riangtlei (10.3.1990; M5.1), Dampa sanctuary chhungah (23.12.1977; M5.1) leh Sakawrdai (19.4.2011; M4.5) te a ni a, hengte hian thil tihchhiat liantham a nei lova hriat a ni.

Chhiatna thlen nasa thei bera sawi- lirnghing kan hlau a nih chuan in leh lo kan dinna hmunah han fimkhur phawt mai ila. Leimin tawhna ang chi leh, hmun awih lutuka in sak pumpelh zel nise. Hmun zâl leh rem thaah a awm vek theih loh; awih tlana in kan sa a nih pawhin a tlem thei ang ber lei laih ni se la. Pucca building kan sa a nih pawhin himna dan hrang hrangte zawm thlapin, Engineer/Architech rawnin sa ila. An duan ang leh an thu ang kan tlin dawn lo anih chuan, kan phak tawk thlirin, Assam-type building te hi i uar leh teh ang. In zâng leh hniam apiangin an tuar na lo a nia. In hi a san poh leh a sawi na a, a rih avangin a innghahna leiin a dawl loh a hlauhawm a. Lirnghing nghawrin an nghawng chhuah theih, ruah bawhawk sur avanga kan tuar fo leimin hi kan ram tan chuan a hlauhthawnawm zawk a. AMC Building regulation te hi a zawng a zain zawm thlap thlap vek lo mah ila, hmun dang ngaihtuahin kan in sak ngawr ngawr hi chua tha tawk mai thei; mahse, kan in sakna, building lian leh rit innghahna kan ram leilung hi a ngheh lutuk loh bakah ruahtui dawng tam ram kan ni si a.

Biak In leh puipunna hmuna awm tam kan ni a, hetih rual hian kan Biak In sak dan hmang leh puipunna hmun kan sak leh chei dan hian himna dan tam tak a phak lo a. Kohhran tam zawk chuan kan duantir Engineer thiam zawkte thurawn aiin, a sak danah Committee leh mi mal ngaihdan kan la lutuk em aw, a tih theih. Kan chenna in, vantlang punkhawmna leh Biak In hmunhma te hi kan sak hmain leilung zirmi (Geologist)-ten uluk taka an enfiah hnu ni thei se. Kan in sak pianhmang pawh a mawi dan tur ngaihtuah chunga a hmunhma ngheh dan leh a in sak ngheh dan tur ngaih pawimawh lehzual ni se la. A chhung kan cheimawina pawh a mawi tur lam thlir chungin, lirnghing ta se, a hnuaiah thlamuang takin kan awm ngam angem, tih ngaihtuah chunga siam ni thin se. In chung hi cement plaster ai mahin, rawng han hnawih mai emaw, kan bel mawi duh a nih paw’n plastic leh thil dang zangkhai hmanga cheite pawh hi a intihhmuh chi khawp ang. Khawpui mai ni lo, thingtlangah pawh concrete-a in sak kan uar chho ta hian ngaihtuahnaa ti kal thui khawp mai.

Kan khawtlang, kan in leh lo enfiah kawngah tanpui ngai leh puih ngai kan awm a nih phawt chuan Mizo Geologist-te awmkhawmna – GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF MIZORAM (GSM) te biakrawn theih reng kan ni.

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